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Defending against Dams - Defensa contra las presas

If built without community participation and careful study of environmental consequences, dams can be a very big problem.  Disputes over dams were what led to the creation of the FMLN and the civil war in Ecuador.

Si se construye sin la participación de la comunidad y el estudio cuidadoso de las consecuencias ambientales, las presas pueden ser un problema muy grande. Las disputas sobre las presas eran lo que llevó a la creación del FMLN y la guerra civil en Ecuador.

Vease tambien Enlaces/Links

La Prensa/The Press

Hidroeléctricas: Berta Cáceres, en el Día de la Mujer  3/8/2016 La Estrella, Panama: "La mataron los que no defienden el ambiente, los que miran para otro lado, los que se prestan para realizar, pagar y abalar estudios de impacto ambiental ilícitos, los que firmaron esos contratos cobrando a los concesionarios privados el uso de nuestro recurso hídrico nacional a unos vergonzosos 0.0000383 de centavos por metro cúbico, los que se reparten y aceptan coimas, los que abusan de su autoridad, los que financian los proyectos, los que se repartieron las concesiones como barajas para jugar ‘Péscalo', el que calla, el que no denuncia, el que no sanciona, el que construye las hidroeléctricas destruyendo ríos, el que no custodia nuestro patrimonio arqueológico, aquel al que no le duele que dejen como caudal ecológico un mísero 10 %; dejando sedientas las piedras, el que defiende las hidroeléctricas sabiendo que ya no son rentables, el que no hace buen uso de la electricidad y las despilfarra, el que no dice ¡basta ya!"

Berta Cáceres: Denouncing the structures of terror  3/7/2016 Huff Post: by Eric Holt Gimenez, Executive Director, Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy - "The point of terror, of course, is to immobilize people with fear. It is used to send a message to the peasant and indigenous communities being brutally displaced by the expansion of sugar cane, palm oil and soy plantations, by dams and by land speculators. The message is simple: do not resist."

Alerta: manipulación de investigación en el crimen contra Bertita  3/5/2016 Pasos de animal grande: "La Plataforma de Movimientos Sociales y Populares de Honduras (PMSPH) y la Coalición Contra la Impunidad (CI), en relación al asesinato Bertha Cáceres, ALERTA a la comunidad nacional e internacional sobre los siguientes extremos."

Who Killed Berta Cáceres?  3/4/2016 Huff Post: "But we need to call out the actors who share a moral responsibility for the murder of our friend and partner: • the Honduran government, which leads the country with the world's worst track record of environmental killings, and which did not protect Berta Cáceres even though it had been ordered to do so by the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights; • the dam builder, Desarrollos Energéticos S. A (DESA), which has close contacts with the country's security forces and has orchestrated an intimidation campaign against Berta Cáceres in recent months; • and finally, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI), FMO, Finnfund and Voith-Siemens, the funders and corporations which underwrite the Agua Zarca Project with their loans and equipment contracts."

Murder of activist Berta Cáceres sparks violent clashes in Honduras  3/4/2016 The Guardian: "The police initially reported the case as an attempted robbery, but the victim’s family believe the killing was an assassination ordered by people behind the dam project. Cáceres and other members of the group she founded – the Council of Indigenous Peoples of Honduras (Copinh) – have been in conflict with the operators Desa, the local mayor, police and soldiers. Last week, members of the group were detained and threatened, Copinh said in a statement."

Murdered While She Slept: Shocking Death of Berta Cáceres, Indigenous Leader and Activist  3/3/2016 Indian Country: "Cáceres was the Director of the National Council of Indigenous and Popular Organizations of Honduras (COPINH), which has been in the forefront of protests against the dam being constructed by the DESA Company of Honduras. Cáceres and other activists assert that the Agua Zarca project would cause great harm to the Lenca community known as Rio Blanco through displacement of the people and environmental damage to an area considered sacred by the Lenca. In a press statement from 2013 Cáceres outlined the reasons for the protests. “There is a displacement of the population that has traditionally lived on those lands, practically an eviction,” Cáceres said. “...DESA [of Honduras] and SINOHYDRO (a transnational Chinese hydroelectric project builder no longer involved in the project) have exerted brutal pressure against the communities, with maneuvers such as co-opting leaders and the offering of bribes, and on the other hand repression, systematic harassment, and the occupation of the territory by the army, the police and security guards and gang members."

Honduran Indigenous Leader Berta Cáceres Assassinated, Won Goldman Environmental Prize  3/3/2016 Democracy Now: "According to Global Witness, Honduras has become the deadliest country in the world for environmentalists. Between 2010 and 2014, 101 environmental campaigners were killed in the country. In 2015 Berta Cáceres won the Goldman Environmental Prize, the world’s leading environmental award. In awarding the prize, the Goldman Prize committee said, “In a country with growing socioeconomic inequality and human rights violations, Berta Cáceres rallied the indigenous Lenca people of Honduras and waged a grassroots campaign that successfully pressured the world’s largest dam builder to pull out of the Agua Zarca Dam."

En El Tambo, Cauca, lider campesina fue asesinada  2/29/2016 El Nuevo Liberal: "Comunidades campesinas de la zona rural de El Tambo, Cauca, rechazaron el asesinato de Maricela Tombé, líder comunitaria de esta zona del departamento. El hecho fue confirmado por la Asociación Campesina Ambiental de Playa Rica (ASCAP) organización campesina que fue liderada por la víctima, de 33 años de edad."

Asesinan campesina en el corregimiento de Playa Rica municipio de el Tambo  2/29/2016 Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del norte del Cauca-ACIN CXAB WALA KIWE: "Las organizaciones sociales integrantes de la Red por la Vida y los Derechos Humanos del Cauca DENUNCIAN ante la opinión pública el homicidio de MARICELA TOMBE, ocurrido a las 9:30 p.m. de la noche del domingo 28 de febrero en el casco urbano del corregimiento de Playa Rica municipio de El Tambo, cuando ella salía de un establecimiento público y un sujeto desconocido le disparó en su cabeza ocasionando de manera inmediata su deceso. MARICELA TOMBE de 36 años de edad y madre de dos menores, se desempeñó como Secretaria de la Junta de Acción Comunal de la Vereda Brisas, luego Presidenta de esta instancia y posteriormente Presidenta de la Asociación Campesina Ambiental de Playa Rica ASCAP en el periodo 2011 – 2014. Al momento, debido a su estado delicado de salud, había desistido de su trabajo en la organización campesina de ASCAP para concentrarse en su tratamiento médico."

The Struggle Continues: Garifuna land defender shot in Honduras  12/6/2015 IC Magazine: "Leiva is president of the Land Defense Committee of Cristales and Rio Negro, two Indigenous Garifuna communities at either edge of the town of Trujillo, on the Caribbean coast of Honduras. He is also a candidate in the local elections later this month for the leadership of the community council (patronato) of Cristales and Rio Negro. The outspoken Garifuna land defender believes his three attackers were hired to kill him due to his involvement in the local struggle to recuperate and defend Garifuna lands. Collective lands belonging to Cristales and Rio Negro and to other Garifuna communities along the Trujillo Bay are being taken over by Canadian developers for tourism projects."

International indigenous anti-dam activists join two year anniversary celebration of blockades in Malaysia  10/25/2015 IC Magazine: "On October 23rd 2015, indigenous communities from around the world gathered on the banks of the Baram River in Sarawak, Malaysia in the context of the second year anniversary of the indigenous-led blockades against the proposed Baram Dam. Two years ago indigenous communities set up two blockades and chased workers and researchers from the site. The works on the dam have come to a standstill and last month the government of Sarawak announced a moratorium. Indigenous anti-dam activists from Indonesia, the Philippines, Cambodia, Brazil, the US, Honduras, and from around Malaysia united at the blockades to stand in solidarity with the resistance against the Baram Dam and to strengthen ties between their communities."

Hidroeléctricas, ¡quebrada Barriles, libre!: Laura Pedreschi Janson  10/7/2015 La Prensa, Panama: "Nos sentimos complacidos con la reciente resolución del Ministerio de Ambiente con relación al desarrollo de 16 hidroeléctricas –entre esas la de Barriles– anuladas por caducidad. Ahora 7 mil personas seguirán contando con agua potable, siete lecherías no cerrarán, se respetará el nacimiento de la quebrada Barriles y existe la esperanza de realizar investigaciones arqueológicas, para salvaguardar la cultura del lugar. La promesa de campaña, “el pueblo primero”, tendrá que ser demostrada con similares acciones relacionadas a otras hidroeléctricas y manteniendo la más alta responsabilidad y el compromiso de cuidar el ambiente, velando por nuestra salud, economía y derechos humanos."

Hasta la coronilla de hidroeléctricas: Laura Pedreschi Janson  4/8/2015 La Prensa, Panama: "Protestaremos por el injustificado y aterrador número de 72 hidroeléctricas en seis cuencas hidrográficas de la provincia de Chiriquí y la comarca; diremos: “No más hidroeléctricas”. Somos primero y no quienes saquean nuestros recursos hídricos; cumplan con la promesa de campaña: “100% agua potable y cero letrinas”. De forma premeditada y oscura, basados en estudios de impacto ambiental de poca credibilidad, los gobiernos aprobaron las hidroeléctricas a espaldas del pueblo. En abierta violación al artículo 16 de la Ley 35 del 22 de septiembre de 1966, que establece la prioridad de uso del agua de la Nación."

Honduras Dam Project Shadowed by Violence  12/22/2013 Upside Down World: ""The army has an assassination list of 18 wanted human rights fighters with my name at the top. I want to live, there are many things I still want to do in this world but I have never once considered giving-up fighting for our territory, for a life with dignity, because our fight is legitimate. I take lots of care but in the end, in this country where there is total impunity I am vulnerable… when they want to kill me, they will do it." The threats, she told Al Jazeera at her home in the pine-covered mountains of La Esperanza, are from private security guards working for the dam company, as well as the police and army protecting the project."

Berta Cáceres Is Still Alive  10/20/2013 Truth Out: "Honduran authorities want Berta Cáceres in prison. Even more, they want her dead. Berta, as she is fondly known by her many friends in Honduras and beyond, is a Lenca indigenous woman, and one of the founding directors of the National Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH). She is now the face of social movement resistance in Honduras, which in recent months has seen an escalation of state repression against social movement leaders, indigenous peoples’ organizations, environmentalists, and political dissenters. She went into hiding on September 20. But as I write, against all odds, Berta Cáceres is still alive. COPINH, one of the strongest voices in Mesoamerica for the defense of indigenous peoples’ rights, was founded in the early 1990s to fight logging companies in the territories of the Lenca people. After decades of struggle, COPINH has expelled dozens of logging operations from Lenca territories, recovered over 100 indigenous communal land titles, and served as a critical voice in international forums advocating for the right of indigenous communities to give or withhold their binding consent to any megaprojects planned for their territories. Today, COPINH is struggling against a mega-complex of four large dams in the Gualcarque River basin, called the Agua Zarca dam project, being undertaken by a Chinese corporation called Sinohydro and a Honduran company called Desarrollos Energéticos S.A. (DESA)."

Honduras: Indigenous Peoples Ready to Mobilize Against Hydro Dams  10/29/2010 IntercontinentalCry: "Indigenous and Black Peoples from across Honduras have said they are ready to mobilize against 41 dam concessions which they say violate their rights, threaten the environment and endanger their communities. Representatives from several organizations and members of the Tulupanes, Pech, Miskito, Maya-Chortis, Lenca and Garifuna Peoples met from October 2-3, 2010 to discuss the current state of human rights and the environment in Honduras."

The Honduran Dam Controversy and Micheletti’s Legacy  2/20/2010 America's Quarterly: "Just before relinquishing power, Micheletti and the Congress rushed to approve a $160 million contract to operate and improve the José Cecilio del Valle Dam (better known as the Nacaome Dam). In January, the Honduran Congress sped through the process of granting the contract to a Honduran-Italian consortium. Then-President of the Congress, José Alfredo Saavedra, argued that Congress had recently fast-tracked laws, including the general amnesty passed in January, so the contract should not raise concerns. After the congressional vote, Roberto Micheletti signed the contract into law in his last cabinet meeting. Almost immediately after Micheletti left power and Congress changed hands, however, the contract came into question. Only days after President Porfirio Lobo took office, the new government placed a hold on the publication of the decree in the country’s official newspaper, La Gaceta. Two weeks later, however, it became clear that La Gaceta had published two versions for January 22, 2010, with the same issue number. One version contained 16 pages, with no mention of the dam contract; the other included an additional 16 pages covering the dam contract and the creation of a new government office of criminal investigation. To make matters worse, the office in charge of publishing La Gaceta, Empresa Nacional de Artes Gráficas (ENAG), apparently only published 20 copies of the second version, and then denied publishing them at all once these copies had disappeared." 

Enlaces/Links

intercontinentalcry.org

www.facebook.com/SaveSarawakRivers

saveriversnet.blogspot.com

www.internationalrivers.org

Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

www.facebook.com/reddedefensoras

www.afrocubaweb.com/sambo-creek.html

movimientom4.org, Mexico

chiriquinatural.blogspot.com, Panama

 

Proyectos hidroeléctricos en Honduras
Centralamericadata.com

Represas Hidroelectricas de Honduras

Contactarriba

ondaraguni@hotmail.com

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